NOTE: forgive me if I am wrong or if there is any kind of spelling mistakes, please.
HELLO! Folks: today I am going to write a little brief on ADI history and facts that u may or may not be familiar;
Long time back people of Adis where called as ABHOR; especially during the colonial period, and also during the reign of the AHOM EMPIRES, the term deliberately denotes barbarous or which is also kind of uncontrolled.
ADIS where very well good warriors during its history all the time, specially the minyong, milang and padam where known to be very furious.
Many pictures of ADI/ABHOR; was taken by the British almost during 1912-1940s. But I would like to inform you that NEFA(now Arunachal Pradesh) had its colonial touch even before 1900s, Colonial expedition began almost back in 18th century too but since there is not must evidence left from those period the history can’t be traceable. You during those time photographs were not much developed and well processed, British man Simpson took many photographs of east India tribes(NEFA), those were all back in the days of 1820s and was not well developed and not clear, so the colonial British India had its better photography after 1990s, as Christopher pintey and john falconer Two British man had shown with the new technology of photography , the expedition to the hill tribes and photography of NEFA ethnics and also classifying them and gather the information of the subcontinent started. And that’s the time when British came increasingly towards NEFA, although even they had to face many obstacles.
But to tell you, I have already foretold that the expedition to the hill tribes began long back in 1800s so i hope now you got it.
Here I will be discussing only about ABHORS/ADIS, even though britishers were engaged even with some other tribes. It was in 1900s the British was on the move of the expedition towards ADI/ABHOR region, I wont say whole the story but for your knowledge I will give in brief. I am going to the year 1905, Noel Williamson a British servant was posted in Sadiya as an Assistant political offcer , he had many guides during the expedition, if somewhere Tibetans somewhere ABHOR itself which serve as his guides and potters to the deep jungles and mountain tracks, there was many incident breaking out those days like British annihilate the tribal area and its people, case of Apatani incident broke out too before 1905 , well it was in the year 1905 when Political officer Sir. Noel Williamson had gathered many valuable information from the local people, that in the 1850s there was a furious was between the ADI and British who was led under sergeant Major Carter. Now it was 1911 that officer Noel Williamson was returning from his travel from upper siang and reached Kebang village very safely and that was the 1st ever successful attempt made by the British to enter into that village since Carter’s time back in 1850s.
So what happen is that, political officer Williamson was heading to meet the leaders of kebang village, he also knew that ADIs where looking at him very furiously, because he was aware of the war held in past years. He tried to ask permission to enter farther region of ADI/ABHORS, but couldn’t persuade them to give him permission. Very interesting happen this time is that while Williamson was in kebang , the leaders (Minyong people)from Rima village described Williamson as a “war minister” and told the ADIS that war minister has arrived and was speaking at Kebang, He was tall had round cap made of deer skin, he had attendants too !! so tall like him, had long fur coat of Tibetan texture. He (Williamson) had a moustache; held a spear in his left hand gesticulating from his right hand”
AT PANGIN VILLAGE
Noel Williamson was told to move back , the area was too dangerous for him to enter farther. It was n 1911 when noel Williamson was not even near Kebang, and his rations where seemed missing so he directly accused the ADI porters who where his guides too, the ADIS already wanted to kill him direct on the spot itself but didn’t. Very big misunderstanding evolved out due to Williamson in that situation, as he sent the MIRI’S (adi-padams) carriers to go back and bring more rations he also gave them letters e to give it to the post office on the way. T he carrier however reportedly showed the official red and black envelopes to ADIS and “boasted” that there was an order to punish the villagers of kebang and rotung,rima. The ADI porters who ran away from Williamsons order narrated orally “that Williamson had slapped them and accused” . By that time 5 ADI attacked Williamson, and it was during this year 1911, political officer Noel Williamson and his partner Dr. Gregoerson was killed.
* ANGLO-ADI WAR-1 :1850s( seargeant major carter’s period)
*ANGLO-ADI WAR-2 : 1911 (after murder of noel wiliamson-dr.Gresgoerson)
ANGLO ADI WAR 1911
A force of nearly 1000 soldiers, military police was sent to find the murderers of Noel Williamson and his attendants. This was a massive response from the British to ABHORS and it can be remembered as a brutal war between the colonial and ADI people in history. According to me this war was more deliberate in compare to Anglo-adi war in 1850s under Major Carter.
Abhors/ADIs in a camp -riga village- seeing the british officer major Bower and his troops approaching
On 18th December the britishers camped at yambung village not very far from kebang village. On that day ADIS headmen from komsing and riu village came to the camp with a friendly manner and told the Britishers major Bower that the incident was of innocence act, this was termed by the britishers as the courage of ADI people to come and approach the British. This story was published by a British journalist at Calcutta , and was also told that major genera Bower believed the story narrated by the ADI headman. But as I told before the Britishers had to catch the culprits, so there was an incident that the British army burned down the kebang village, knowing the attack the ADIS came down from rima-ruksin to repel the attack but they couldn’t succeed.
PICTURE:DOWN—1/SHOWING THE BURING DOWN OF KEBANG BY THE BRITISH ARMY.
Adi KEBANG VILLAGE ATTACKED
2/ SHOWING CAPTURED MURDERERS OF NOEL WILLIAMSON AND DR.GREGOERSON(1911)
ADIS WHO KILLED NOEL WILLIAMSON AND DR. GREGOERSON- picture showing the murderers captured and chained by the british. Matmur Jamoh accused with the other porters who where involved in killing dr.gregoerson.
Adi HISTORY BY john pebi tato
Filed under: Adi Tribe, Arunachal Pradesh, Culture, History, Minynong, North East India, Pasighat, Photography, Tourism, Village | Tagged: ABHOR, ADI, Adi history, Adi Tribe, ADI WAR, Adi Warrior, AHOM EMPIRES, ANGLO-ADI WAR 1, ANGLO-ADI WAR 2, Arunachal Pradesh, British, Christopher pintey, DR. GREGOERSON, john falconer, Matmur Jamoh, milang, minyong, NEFA, NOEL WILLIAMSON, padam, sergeant Major Carter, THE BRITISH ARMY IN ARUNACHAL PRADESH, THE BRITISH ARMY IN NORTHEAST INDIA | Leave a comment »